1. Physicians for Social Responsibility/Concerned Health Professionals of New York: Compendium of Scientific, Medical, and Media Findings Demonstrating Risks and Harms of Fracking.

This compendium is a fully referenced compilation of the evidence outlining the risks and harms of fracking. It brings together findings from the scientific and medical literature, government and industry reports, and journalistic investigation.

The conclusion of the Compendium states: “All together, findings to date from scientific, medical, and journalistic investigations combine to demonstrate that fracking poses significant threats to air, water, health, public safety, climate stability, seismic stability, community cohesion, and long-term economic vitality. Emerging data from a rapidly expanding body of evidence continue to reveal a plethora of recurring problems and harms that cannot be averted or cannot be sufficiently averted through regulatory frameworks.”

  1. New York State Department of Health: A Public Health Review of High Volume Hydraulic Fracturing for Shale Gas Development

This health review of fracking by New York State’s Department of Health provides the basis for New York State’s ban on fracking.

The  New York State Health Commissioner Dr. Howard Zucker. ( concluded: “…the overall weight of the evidence from the cumulative body of information contained in this Public Health Review demonstrates that there are significant uncertainties about the kinds of adverse health outcomes that may be associated with HVHF, the likelihood of the occurrence of adverse health outcomes, and the effectiveness of some of the mitigation measures in reducing or preventing environmental impacts which could adversely affect public health.”

  1. Physicians, Scientists and Engineers for Healthy Energy database of scientific studies and analysis of the peer-reviewed literature on fracking

The independent experts group Physicians, Scientists and Engineers for Healthy Energy has compiled a database of the peer-reviewed scientific studies about unconventional oil and gas extraction and hydraulic fracturing. Access it here:

Physicians, Scientists and Engineers for Healthy Energy has also done an analysis of the scientific understanding of the public health and environmental impacts of these processes. They find that, “The study analyses all peer-reviewed scientific literature on shale and tight gas development, and reveals that the great majority of science contains findings that indicate concerns for public health, air quality and water quality.”

  1. MedAct Report – Health and Fracking: The Impacts and Opportunity Costs/Letter in BMJ from experts accompanying the report

This report written by British doctors and experts reviews the health and environmental risks of fracking.

An open letter in the British Medical Journal by leading public health experts and researchers

about the MedAct report states: “The arguments against fracking on public health and ecological grounds are overwhelming. There are clear grounds for adopting the precautionary principle and prohibiting fracking”

  1. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Environmental Review and Findings Statement

In addition to the state’s public health review of fracking, this study of the dangers of fracking by New York State’s Department of Environmental Conservation provides the basis for New York State’s ban on fracking.

This study states that:

“…the Department has determined that there are potential significant adverse environmental and public health impacts associated with high-volume hydraulic fracturing operations.”

“In the end, there are no feasible or prudent alternatives that would adequately avoid or minimize adverse environmental impacts and that address the scientific uncertainties and risks to public health from this activity.”

  1. HVHF-Economic Analysis
    HVHF-Economic Summary Presentation

Employment, or lack of it, is known to be connected to health maintenance. While the High Volume Hydraulic Fracturing (HVHF) industry frequently makes claims that it brings work to the areas it targets for extraction – these claims are often inflated. Dr Brenna O’Roarty, an Economist who previously worked for Deutsche Bank in London, prepared a comprehensive economic analysis of the proposal to drill for shale gas in Fermanagh. The executive summary of the report concludes “In short, the net economic benefits are deeply negative over a short and long term horizon”. The full report on the economic analysis is available here along with a summary report in presentation format.